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What is MPEG

MPEG

What is MPEG

MPEG is short for Moving Picture Experts Group, a working group of experts that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission. It was established in 1988 and its first meeting was in May 1988 in Ottawa, Canada. As of late 2005, MPEG has grown to include approximately 350 members per meeting from various industries, universities, and research institutions. MPEG's official designation is ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29 WG11 - Coding of moving pictures and audio (ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1, Subcommittee 29, Working Group 11).

Components of MPEG

The MPEG standards consist of different Parts. Each part covers a certain aspect of the whole specification. The standards also specify Profiles and Levels. Profiles are intended to define a set of tools that are available, and Levels define the range of appropriate values for the properties associated with them. Some of the approved MPEG standards were revised by later amendments and/or new editions. MPEG has standardized the following compression formats and ancillary standards:

MPEG-1
MPEG-2
MPEG-3
MPEG-4 - including MPEG-4 Part 2 (or Simple and Advanced Simple Profile) and MPEG-4 AVC (or MPEG-4 Part 10 or H.264). (MPEG-4 AVC may be used on HD DVD and Blu-ray Discs, along with VC-1 and MPEG-2)
MPEG-7
MPEG-21
MPEG-A
MPEG-B
MPEG-C
MPEG-D
MPEG-E
MPEG-V
MPEG-M
MPEG-U

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Related Source

MPEG-1 MPEG-2 MPEG-3 mpeg-4 MP4 AVI MKV MOV WMV RM ASF RMVB VCD DVD H264 H263

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